Bermuda Institute of Ocean Science (St. George's, )


  • Name:Rachel Parsons
  • Title:Research Specialist

Organization Address

  • Organization Name:Bermuda Institute of Ocean Science
  • Address:17 Biological Lane
    Ferry Reach
    St. George's GE 01
    St. George's

Organization Phone

  • Main phone:1 441 297 1880
  • Main fax:1 441 297 8143

Organization Web

User Phone

  • Mobile phone:1 441 504 7447

User Email


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  • Mission:
  • Our mission is to transform the fields of oceanography, marine science, and ocean health through a blend of cutting edge research, comprehensive educational experiences and a commitment to share our knowledge internationally. By tapping into the wealth of expertise among our faculty and staff, as well as the significant research opportunities presented by Bermuda’s unique location in the Sargasso Sea, the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Science (BIOS) conducts ocean science for human good.

  • Overview:
  • The Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, Inc. (BIOS) is uniquely situated and excellently equipped for highly productive marine field research. Only 700 miles (about two hours flying time) from the East Coast of the U.S., Bermuda is located on some of the world's northernmost coral reefs and surrounded by deep ocean. Significant research opportunities are presented by Bermuda's diversity of ecological communities: from limestone caves and mangroves to coral reefs and the Sargasso Sea.

    Moderate air (55-85°F, 13-29°C) and water (62-82°F, 17-28°C) temperatures make BIOS a year-round magnet for independent and collaborative research. Disciplines as diverse as marine invertebrate zoology, coral reef ecology, chemical and physical oceanography, animal physiology and carbonate geology are studied. Recent research projects at BIOS include: the Hydrostation "S" time-series study and Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS); studies of the atmospheric and oceanic carbon cycle and its effects on global climate change and the marine ecosystem; genomic analyses of bacteria and plankton populations in the Sargasso Sea; investigations of the atmospheric transport and deposition of iron in the ocean and its role in primary production; the monitoring of atmospheric and marine pollution in Bermuda and their sources; and the development of biomarkers to indicate the presence of environmental contaminants and stress in coral reef and other marine ecosystems.

    R/V ATLANTIC EXPLORER is owned and operated by the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, Inc. in compliance with U.S. Coast Guard, UNOLS and American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) regulations as an uninspected oceanographic research vessel. ATLANTIC EXPLORER is equipped with navigational, laboratory and mechanical facilities to support biological, geological, chemical and physical oceanographic research. Deploying and recovering deep ocean instrumentation moorings, conducting CTD casts, chemical sampling, and gear testing are among the number of operations within the ship's capabilities.

    In September of 2006, after more than 100 years of research and education, The Bermuda Biological Station for Research announced that the organisation will change its long standing public name to Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, or more informally, BIOS. Since its modest beginnings at the turn of the last century, the scope and focus of the organisation has grown and the new name was devised to reflect its current status as a world-class science and educational institute focusing on marine ecosystems, ocean/atmospheric interactions and ocean health, as well as their influence on man's habitat and health.

  • History:
  • In 1903 scientists from Harvard and New York University joined with the Bermuda Natural History Society to open a marine biology center, originally called the Bermuda Biological Station. Operating in the summer, it was primarily used by U.S. university professors and their students to conduct research on a variety of local marine biology topics. A turning point occurred in 1926 when the organization was incorporated in the state of New York as the Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Inc. (BBSR), later to become to Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS). For the next ten years, under the direction of Edwin Grant Conklin, BBSR was transformed from an informal summer gathering place for scientists into an institution dedicated to conducting year-round scientific research—a complete reorganization that included a move to its current location in Ferry Reach, St. George’s.

    In 1954, scientists at BIOS established the Hydrostation “S” Project, thereby initiating the longest running, year-round data collection program for any one point in the open ocean. Data from Hydrostation “S” have since been used to advance our understanding of global climate change and revolutionized what is known about natural inter-annual and decadal-scale temperature variability in the ocean. Other time-series programs followed with the establishment of the Oceanic Flux Program in 1978 and the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) in 1988. The latter firmly established BIOS as one of two U.S. centers for time-series studies on temporal variability in the ocean, providing key data on climate change and open ocean biogeochemistry.

    The Bermuda government also looked to BIOS as a source of expertise about the ocean and inshore waters, establishing the Bermuda Inshore Monitoring Program in 1975, now called the Marine Environmental Program (MEP). Through MEP and the complementary Environmental Program, BIOS provides government leaders with a wealth of scientific data on both air and water quality around the island, letting decision-makers make science-based recommendations about issues that impact environmental and human health.

    BIOS, through the establishment of the Risk Prediction Initiative (RPI, now RPI2.0) in 1994, also supports the incorporation of science into the (re)insurance industry. RPI2.0 promotes productive dialogue between scientists and (re)insures involved in catastrophic risk by refocusing scientific research toward answering the industry’s questions. RPI2.0 funds academic research relevant to the insurance and (re)insurance industry and assists in translating this research into usable and actionable results.

    Just four years later, in 1998, a first-of-its-kind international research project linking ocean and human health began at BIOS with the establishment of the International Center for Ocean and Human Health. This innovative research program focuses on the health of the ocean, as well products and services derived from the ocean that can potentially benefit human health, including pharmaceuticals to fight cancer and health problems associated with aging. The Center for Ocean and Human Health also brought the Atlantis Mobile Laboratory to Bermuda in 2003 and again in 2013 to address environmental and public health issues through a combination of monitoring, prevention, and intervention.

    The Center for Integrated Ocean Observations was established in 1999 as part of a global initiative to promote the development and utilization of new marine technologies to better understand the biological, chemical, and physical processes of the ocean and the roles they play in regulating the earth’s climate. Data from Hydrostation “S” and BATS provide researchers around the world with critical information in ongoing investigations of global environmental changes.
    In response to more specialized global research foci and a changing funding climate, BIOS recently renewed its commitment to conducting ocean science research with applicable results that benefit both scientists and the broader community. By focusing on topics with pressing local, regional, global importance, including climate change and human health, scientists at BIOS can work together and as part of international collaborations to conduct ocean science for human good.

  • Year established:1903
  • Endowment:Unknown


  • Executive / Trustee board size:35
  • Advisory board size:0
  • Staff size:70


  • Organization type:Grantseeker
  • Country of registration:United States
  • Tax Determination Letter:Received Determination Letter
  • IRS Section:501(c)(3)
  • IRS Subsection:509(a)(2)
  • Tax ID:06-0706038

Other Organization Web

IRS Business Master File Information

  • EIN:060706038
  • Sort (Secondary) Name:
  • Care Of Name:
  • Organization Address:ST GEORGES GE 01
  • Organization City:BERMUDA
  • Organization State:
  • Organization Zip:00000-0000
  • Group Exemption Number:0000
  • Subsection Code:03
  • Classification Code(s):8
  • Subsection/Classification Desc.:Scientific Organization
  • Affiliation Code:3
  • Ruling Date:October, 1947
  • Deductibility Code:1
  • Foundation Code:16
  • Foundation Code Desc.:Organization that normally receives no more than one third of its support from gross investment income and unrelated business income and at the same time more than one third of its support from contributions, fees, and gross receipts related to exempt purposes. 509(a)(2)
  • Activity Code(s):161, 180
  • Activity Code Desc.(s):Scientific research (diseases), Contact or sponsored scientific research for industry
  • Organization Code:1 (Corporation)
  • Exempt Org. Status Code:01 (Unconditional Exemption)
  • Tax Period:December, 2016
  • Filing Requirement Category:01 (990 (all other) or 990EZ return)
  • Accounting Period:December
  • NTEE Code:U50Z
  • Asset Amount:$36,630,025
  • Asset Code:8 ($10,000,000 - $49,999,999)
  • Income Amount:$14,369,887
  • Income Code:8 ($10,000,000 - $49,999,999)
  • 990 Revenue Amount:$12,833,398
  • Last Updated:2/23/2018 6:20:22 pm

This information is directly from the IRS Exempt Organization Business Master File at Exempt Organizations Business Master File Extract. This information is not under the control of the Common Grant Application and is collected and compiled and can only be changed by the IRS.