Center for Salish Community Strategies (Bellingham, WA)


  • Name:Barbara Dykes
  • Title:Co-Executive Director

Organization Address

  • Organization Name:Center for Salish Community Strategies
  • Address:1313 E Maple Street
    Suite 588
    Bellingham, WA 98225
    United States

Organization Phone

  • Main phone:360-224-8664

Organization Web

User Email


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  • Mission:
  • Vision: The Center for Salish Community Strategies (CS2) aligns with community efforts to conserve and maintain the quality of life, natural landscape and cultural heritage of the Salish Sea region (Puget Sound, the Gulf of Georgia and the Straits of Juan de Fuca), in ways that promote a vibrant economy oriented toward self-sufficiency.
    Mission: CS2 promotes a balance between environmental conservation and economic growth in our Salish communities, with a special emphasis on:
    - Respecting and augmenting Tribal reserved and inherent rights
    - Preservation of agricultural and forest resource lands
    - Protection of threatened and degrading water resources and air quality
    - Innovative economic development that promotes regional self-sufficiency
    CS2 sees an urgent need for a more coherent planning approach, given the region's the accessibility to Asian markets and industrial growth pressures.

  • Overview:
  • We are requesting additional funding to continue our Tribal Participation Project, which started in 2012 and will continue for another three years. CS2 has worked for the last two years with Northwest Tribes to provide information and strategy advice in the permitting process for proposed Northwest fossil fuel export terminals (coal and oil). As Asian markets become more attractive to coal and oil companies, those entities are looking for ports in the Northwest to ship their products. The proliferation of coal, Bakken shale oil, and Alberta tar sands oil export proposals in the region has led to great concern among Northwest tribes, with significant land holdings and treaty fishing rights in the Salish Sea (including the Puget Sound and the Straits of Juan de Fuca). As the ships grow larger and create more environmental impacts, treaty fishing rights, vital to the way of life for Northwest tribes, will be eviscerated.

    As an example of the threat this black "gold rush" represents, consider just one of these proposed terminals . The Cherry Point Coal Export Terminal is proposed as the largest coal export terminal in North America. The site is located in the homeland of the Lummi Nation, next to the present Indian reservation, and will sit on a sacred burial ground. The waters off Cherry Point are the prime fishing grounds for more than six federally recognized Indian tribes.

    CS2 provides nonprofit legal and policy services to tribes to help sift through the information, keep up to date, and lay out strategy options, based on the co-executive directors' collective 45 years of experience as lawyers negotiating the permitting labyrinths in Washington State under federal, state, and local law. We collaborate with other organizations, but remain independent. In that way, we are able to provide trusted support to tribes in taking a proactive approach toward asserting their rights in the permitting process.

    The Coast Salish tribes of the Northwest rely upon salmon, orca, halibut, crab, shellfish and other marine species for their diet. The marine environment of the Salish Sea, which these tribes have lived from and thrived, for over 10,000 years, is now imperiled from this massive rush to export fossil fuel. Not only is the Salish Sea important to their health and diet, it is central to their culture. Without their relationship to the sea, the unique cultures of each of the Coast Salish tribes is threatened. Studies have already show that social ills such as drug addiction, child abuse, broken families, and homelessness in tribal communities result from a lack of connection to their culture.

    CS2 provides a necessary channel to support communication between tribes and the larger community on these issues. We also focus on collecting information from tribes and providing support to get that information to government agencies. We hold governmental agencies accountable for their actions, and demand transparency in the process to provide greater public access and awareness about these projects and their implications. Our efforts have garnered significant results, including the pressuring of the State Department of Ecology (DOE) into becoming a co-lead on the two Washington coal projects with the Corps of Engineers and local agencies. This action was quite significant, in that state DOE has now determined it will look at the projects' effects of greenhouse gas emission in Asia, impacts of huge numbers of coal trains along the rail line to cities, towns and Indian reservations, and a health impact assessment study.

    While there are many environmental groups working on grass roots campaigns on these issues, CS2 is very different in that we are the only organization with direct ties to the 29 Indian tribes in Washington State. Tribes are perhaps the only entity that has enough clout to actually kill these projects. We believe our involvement in these matters is critical to the success of the overall project.

    CS2 is integral to providing support for tribes in developing strategies to help guide the greater community to a more sustainable, liveable paradigm for the future. CS2's byline is "Navigating Toward the Future". Our aim is to navigate toward a sustainable future in the Northwest, not a boom and bust economy that trashes our treasured natural environment in the process and destroys the cultural integrity of local tribes, so much a part of our Northwest culture.

  • History:
  • Tribal Participation Project (starting in June 2012)
    The first segment of the tribal participation grant was six months of intense activity, tribal meetings and conferences, and development of an information hub for tribal leaders and staff. Activities generally included the following:
     Worked daily with tribal organizations and leaders to educate and share information with Northwest tribes on industrial proposals and policy initiatives affecting Northwest waters.
     Produced an informational hub that ranged from a website, newsletter, and information packets, to position papers and news stories for our clients, the Coast Salish Gathering and Association of Washington Tribes.
     Provided research analysis, support and presentations for meetings of tribal leaders, staff and organizations. Conducted research for our clients of how the impacts of various land use and policy proposals are connected to other policy debates over standards in Washington State.
     Worked with a nonprofit lawyer creating legal frameworks for further policy and scientific work by tribal organizations.
     Interviewed and developed presentations with economists, engineers, and scientists on various presentations to tribal organizations.
     Coordinated with national citizen groups, local organizations and national and northwest tribal organizations.
    In winter 2013, we provided model comments to multiple Indian tribes to review as a part of the "scoping" process for the Cherry Point Export Terminal.
    A significant milestone occurred in May 2013, when the Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) adopted a resolution opposing fossil fuel export from the Northwest. ATNI is an organization comprised of 57 federally recognized Indian Tribes from Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and western Montana.

    We are now moving into Phase 2 of our Tribal Participation Project, which involves focusing on development of detailed scientific, economic, cultural, and health studies to present to federal and state agencies during the environmental review process for these large projects. We continue to provide a website, presentations, and strategy advice to tribes and tribal organizations.

    Below we provide a further description of our methods of operation.
    Our Values: Our work is defined by:
    • Integrity and credibility
    • Excellence in research, legal representation, and strategic thinking
    • Independence and respect
    • Practical efficiency
    • Insight and foresight

    Implementation: CS2 supports community groups, governments, and tribes as they work toward a unity of economics and conservation, producing a sustainable vision of the future of the Salish Sea biome. CS2 sees an urgent need for a more coherent approach to future planning, given the region's the accessibility to Asian markets and the inevitable greater growth pressures. Our primary funders to date have been private individuals and the Whatcom Community Foundation, and multiple Indian tribes. We are in the process of reaching out to larger funders to provide ongoing support.

    Former and Current Partners: Bellingham, Mt. Vernon, Burlington, Arlington, Marysville, Seattle, Snohomish County, the Puget Sound Partnership, the Coast Salish Gathering, Association of Washington Tribes, the Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians, the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission, numerous tribal governments the Institute for Tribal Government at Portland State University, and University of Washington Law School faculty.

    Contribution: To our knowledge, no other non-profit possesses combines our expertise on energy transport and export, based on our 40+ years of legal work on permitting process and environmental review. Both our co-executive directors are seasoned environmental lawyers who want to use their expertise to build a more sustainable future. We offer a specialized understanding of the multiple levels of process, and the scientific and policy issues that are unique to the Salish Sea. We have studied the proposed coal and oil-by-rail facilities from their inception, closely tracking their permit processes. We have also developed very good, professional working relationships with agency staff. We are not affiliated with, any other group, environmental or otherwise.

  • Year established:2011
  • Endowment:Unknown


  • Executive / Trustee board size:3
  • Advisory board size:0
  • Staff size:2


  • Organization type:Grantseeker
  • Country of registration:United States
  • Tax Determination Letter:Received Determination Letter
  • IRS Section:501(c)(3)
  • IRS Subsection:None
  • Tax ID:45-3052277

Other Organization Web

IRS Business Master File Information

  • EIN:453052277
  • Sort (Secondary) Name:
  • Organization Address:1313 E MAPLE STREET
  • Organization City:BELLINGHAM
  • Organization State:WA
  • Organization Zip:98225-5708
  • Group Exemption Number:0000
  • Subsection Code:03
  • Classification Code(s):1, 2
  • Subsection/Classification Desc.:Charitable Organization, Educational Organization
  • Affiliation Code:3
  • Ruling Date:January, 2013
  • Deductibility Code:1
  • Foundation Code:15
  • Foundation Code Desc.:Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public 170(b)(1)(A)(vi)
  • Activity Code(s):
  • Activity Code Desc.(s):
  • Organization Code:1 (Corporation)
  • Exempt Org. Status Code:01 (Unconditional Exemption)
  • Tax Period:December, 2014
  • Filing Requirement Category:02 (990 - Required to file Form 990-N - Income less than $25,000 per year)
  • Accounting Period:December
  • NTEE Code:I80
  • Asset Amount:$0
  • Asset Code:
  • Income Amount:$0
  • Income Code:
  • 990 Revenue Amount:$0
  • Last Updated:2/18/2018 11:52:56 am

This information is directly from the IRS Exempt Organization Business Master File at Exempt Organizations Business Master File Extract. This information is not under the control of the Common Grant Application and is collected and compiled and can only be changed by the IRS.